Six Common Orthodontic Dental Problems in Kids

types of malocclusion or common orthodontic dental problems in kids that need braces treatment

Before discussing Common Orthodontic Dental Problems in Kids we must understand that Children’s dentistry is a complicated subject. Several factors are involved in encouraging your children to have good dental health. Nutrition and dietary choices, in addition to brushing and flossing, significantly affect Dental Health. In addition to concerns with general oral health, there can also be issues with the emergence of children’s milk teeth and permanent teeth and orthodontic complications.

Parents must be aware of the most frequent dental issues that their children may encounter. Here are the top dental problems that affect kids the most frequently.

1) Open Bite ( Misalignment of Teeth When The Mouth is Closed)

When the jaw is entirely closed, an open bite might occur where the top and bottom teeth do not come into contact in the front or rear of the mouth, leaving a gap between them. Open bites are a type of malocclusion, sometimes known as a “poor bite,” which is a collection of dental disorders that affect how the teeth line up and can lead to changes in facial structure, oral hygiene concerns, and tooth and gum damage.

A trained, certified Orthodontist can cure an open bite using myofunctional appliances and braces even in the most challenging cases. Consult a doctor to fix an open bite and provide a healthy mouth and jaw.

2) Crowding (Lack of Space Between Teeth)

Crowding can occur when there is not enough room in the mouth for your teeth.

As a result of this issue, dental crowding develops. When teeth don’t have enough room to align, they take up abnormal positions while competing with other teeth rather than into their proper locations. Crowding may result in crowded, misaligned teeth that are crooked.

Braces, Aligners including Invisalign can be used to manage dental crowding, a typical orthodontic condition, under the supervision of qualified, experienced Orthodontists.

3) Diastema (The Excessive Gap Between The Teeth)

The term “diastema” describes the space or gap between the teeth. Although these gaps can develop anywhere in the mouth, they can occasionally be seen between the two top front teeth. This condition is seen in both children and adults. Once a child’s permanent teeth erupt, such gaps between milk teeth may close up.

While specific gaps are more significant and evident to some people, others are smaller and hardly perceptible to others. There are techniques to close or lessen the gap size if you want to change how it appears.

4) Crossbite (Reverse Bite)

A kind of malocclusion known as a crossbite is a technical term used for describing the malalignment of upper and lower teeth in relation to each other. This condition may be seen in the front teeth and back teeth. They may also be triggered by a jaw alignment issue.

An Anterior Crossbite
Since the upper front teeth get overlapped by the lower front teeth, it may cause difficulty in eating and biting along with aesthetic problems. Both the front and side teeth are susceptible to this. Numerous reasons, such as genetic predisposition, early loss of baby teeth, thumb sucking, or tooth crowding, can result in anterior crossbites.

A Posterior Crossbite
When the upper back teeth are inside, there is a posterior crossbite. The back crossbite might cause difficulty in chewing, biting and affect the longtivity of teeth.

5) Prognathism (The Upper Teeth/ Jaw Extending forward )

A dental ailment known as Prognathism is characterized by upper teeth that project further outward than the lower front teeth. Severity might vary from mild, moderate to extreme. Prognathism might involve only the teeth, jaws or both.

Prognathism not only affect the facial appearance but may also result in issues with oral health like speech difficulties, mouth and facial pain from the jaw’s misalignment, and issues with biting and eating food.

6) Deepbite (Lower Teeth are excessively Overlapped by Upper Teeth in the vertical plane )

The upper teeth ideally overlap the bottom teeth by 2 to 4mm. Deepbite, on the other hand, is a considerable overlap over the lower teeth in the vertical plane. An excessively severe deep bite is called a traumatic bite as it traumatises the teeth, gums and underlying bone of the front teeth.


Every case may be different and treatment may vary. It is thus advised to get your child’s dental checkup done by an Orthodontist every 6 months starting from the age of 7 years.

If you are looking for a reliable Orthodontist in Mohali, India; then the Aesthetic Dental – Multispecialty Dental clinic is here to serve you.

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