Braces and Retainers

Braces are most commanon approach to an irregular bite.There are three basic reasons for needing braces or orthodontic treatment:

  • The most obvious one is for appearance's sake. The crooked teeth are not considered socially acceptable, and orthodontic treatment will straighten your teeth.
  • There is a functional reason, too. When teeth are out of alignment, it can be hard to chew effectively. Orthodontic treatment can correct a faulty bite and thus can treat poor chewing or headaches that can be associated with teeth not meeting together properly.
  • Crooked teeth are hard to clean and are considerably more susceptible to gum disease in later life. When teeth are straightened, they can be brushed and flossed easily, they don't trap food as easily, and thus they are more resistant to gum disease.
  • Dental Braces have three parts: brackets‚ band and arch wire. Brackets are attached to each tooth with a band and arch wire runs from one bracket to the next. Exertion of gentle force over a period of time straightens the teeth which have grown out or growing awkwardly.

    Wide variety of dental braces is there depending on aesthetics, materials as well as cost.There are many different types of braces, ranging from the traditional metal braces that most of us are familiar with, to almost invisible clear braces. Let´s take a look at some of the more common braces in use today.

Metal braces

Metal braces are made from high-grade stainless steel and are the most common type of braces in use. They use elastic ties to hold the wire into the bracket. The elastic ties are available in grey or a range of popular colours.

Self-ligating braces

Self-ligation is an innovative new technology that can reduce the time you need to wear braces. It uses a high-tech wire system that is more comfortable than traditional braces and usually requires fewer adjustments‚ so you won´t need to visit us as often during treatment.

Clear braces

Clear braces are an option for adult treatment‚ as the brackets are made from clear material. They´re so subtle that your friends may not even notice you‘re undergoing treatment.

Invisible braces

Invisalign uses clear removable tooth-aligners that gradually move your teeth without braces.

Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are braces bonded to the back of the teeth making them invisible to other people. In lingual braces the brackets are cemented onto the backside of the teeth making them invisible while in standard braces the brackets are cemented onto the front side of the teeth. Hence, lingual braces are a cosmetic alternative to those who do not wish the braces to be visible.

Gold/Colored braces

For those that actually want to be noticed, braces now come in a variety of fun options such as Gold Braces if you want to make a style statement; or with accessories in every imaginable color, to suit your mood.

Retainer

A retainer is a custom-made, removable appliance that helps keep teeth in their new position after braces have been removed. Retainers can also be used to treat minor orthodontic problems. The use of a retainer is a very important part of post-braces care. Retainers are typically made of rubber or clear plastic and metal wires and cover the outside surface of the teeth. They need to be worn all the time for the first 6 months and then usually only during sleep. The time frame for wearing a retainer will vary from patient to patient. The reason why a retainer is needed is that even though braces may have successfully straightened your teeth, they are not completely settled in their new position until the bones, gums, and muscles adapt to the change. Also, after long periods of time, teeth tend to shift.

Caring for Retainers

Every time you brush your teeth, brush your retainer as well. Once a day or at least once a week, disinfect your retainer by soaking it in a denture cleanser, such as Efferdent or Polident or other brand name solutions. Add the cleanser to a cup full of warm - but never hot - water. Thoroughly rinse the retainer with plain water before placing it back in your mouth.